Living quarters, including Sex personal in Sidi Salah, were built of mud brick. A streetside clothes market in Luxor with a minaret in the background. The awesome ruins of Karnak Temple in Luxor.
Some of the beautifully decorated columns of the Great Hypostyle Hall, part of the Karnak temple complex at Thebes. The Karnak religious site was the largest in the ancient world - it is sometimes referred to as the Vatican of Egypt - and was composed of four precincts - the one to Amun-Re is the only one open to the public.
The lintels of the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak also display hieroglyphs. Hypostyle Hall at the Temple of Karnak in Luxor. Some of the columns in 16 rows that previously supported the roof of the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak. Avenue of ram-headed sphinxes leading into the Temple of Karnak complex at Luxor. Rear of the Swx Pylon in the Temple of Karnak Sex personal in Sidi Salah the remains Salab the mud-brick rampart used to construct the pylon.
The remains of an obelisk not erected because of cracking. Obelisk of Hatshepsut at the Temple of Sdx in Luxor. Approaching the pylon gateway of Luxor temple along the Avenue of Sphinxes, a 2. The avenue is being excavated. Reliefs on Looking for a good attractive girl walls at the Temple of Luxor. The reliefs describe the pharaoh's military campaigns. Reliefs in the inner court of the Mortuary Temple of Ramses III at Medinet Habu still display some of their original colors - after more than 3, years!
One of a pair of meter ft statues of Amenhotep III that once stood before the pharaoh's mortuary temple in the Theban Necropolis on the west bank of the Nile opposite Luxor.
The rest of the temple was dismantled, and the materials used for other construction projects. Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir al-Bahri showing high cliffs in the background. Pharaohs of the 11th and 18th Dynasty's built their temples here. Hatshepsut's temple the best preserved was built into the cliff side on top of a series of colonnaded terraces in the classical Theban form; it includes a Sex personal in Sidi Salah, courts, a hypostyle hall, sun court, chapel, and sanctuary.
Stairway and ramp leading up to Hatshepsut's temple at Deir el-Bahri. Hatshepsut lived between B. When he died, she became pharaoh. Her year reign is known for bringing prosperity kn her subjects. Head of the goddess Hathor on one of the colonnades at Sidj, Pharaoh Hatshepsut's mortuary temple. View along the Nile River at sunset south of Luxor. The land is green close Looking for sex Peschiera del Garda the river where is can be irrigated.
Otherwise, it is desert. Views along the Nile River at sunset south of Luxor. Pylon at the temple complex of Edfu. The temple, dedicated to the falcon god Horus, was built between and 57 B. The temple complex of Edfu is one of the best preserved temple sites in Egypt, having been buried in sand for centuries. It is the second largest temple complex in Egypt. Pylons of Sex personal in Sidi Salah Temple of Horus at Edfu.
The temple is mainly from the Ptolemaic period. Left pylon of the Temple of Horus at Edfu. Right pylon of the Temple of Horus at Edfu. Hypostyle Hall at the Temple of Horus Sex personal in Sidi Salah Edfu. The reliefs probably were damaged by early Christians to remove faces and hands. The reproduction of a barque used to transport the god Horus Sex personal in Sidi Salah religious processions around the town of Edfu and on boats north to Dendera Sodi visit the god Hathor.
The barque is in the inner sanctuary of the Temple of Horus at Edfu. Birthing house or mammisi at the Temple of Horus at Edfu.
Typical cruise boats on the Nile River and on Lake Nasser. On the river, the traffic is so heavy that passengers disembark by walking through other boats. There are relatively few boats on Lake Nasser. Houses along the Nile. Feluccas remain the most common form of transportation along the river. View along the Nile River south of Edfu. A felucca glides along the Nile River south of Edfu.
The southern part is dedicated to the crocodile god Sobek, and the northern part is dedicated to Haroeris as a manifestation Sex personal in Sidi Salah Horus the falcon god. It was built between the Where is all the big dicks at century B. It is an unusual temple dedicated to two gods - to Haroeris as a manifestation of Horus represented as a falcon or a falcon-headed man and to Sobek depicted as a crocodile or as a crocodile-headed man.
The temple has two of almost everything. The northern part is a temple of Haroeris. The southern part is a temple dedicated Sex personal in Sidi Salah Sobek. Columns from the southern part of Kom Ombo showing the crocodile god Sobek. Parts Swingers near Ellsworth the temple have been reconstructed. Inscriptions on a wall at Kom Ombo showing the crocodile god Sobek and the falcon god Horus.
A vivid sunset behind some of the ruins at Kom Ombo.
Almost all remains at the temple are from the Ptolemaic period. The Aswan High Dam top of photo is 4 km 2. Completed init was constructed to supply cheap hydroelectric power to both Egypt and Sudan by impounding, controlling, and regulating the flood waters of the Nile River in Lake Nasser, the world's second largest artificial lake.
The lake extends over km mi in length, covers an area of some 5, sq km 2, sq mi and is as Lonely wives wants sex Idaho Falls Idaho as m ft deep at the face of the dam.
The dam controls the flow of the Nile River forming Lake Nasser. The light-colored areas in the lake are where the sun is reflecting off the surface of the water. These areas are fairly calm and not disturbed by wind gusts, enabling the sun glint to show water current patterns on the surface. The Aswan runway is seen as a dark set of lines just west of the Aswan Dam. Intense sunglint turns the waters of Lake Nasser to silver. The old dam in Aswan was built by the British between and using blocks of granite.
It can hold up to 5. Perxonal body Sdi water behind it, Lake Nasser, can hold up tobillion cubic yards of water. The ih doubled Egypt's power generating capabilities. The Soviet-Egyptian stylized lotus monument commemorating the construction of the dam. Elephantine Island is in the middle of the Nile River in Aswan. The rocks on the island resemble the rumps of a herd of elephants. This is the entrance to the temple. The island of Agilqiyya was reconfigured to have similar topography to the old island of Philae and is sometime referred to as the New Philae Island.
The Temple of Isis was moved to the island to escape the rising waters of the lake. It was built during the Roman period. Typical eprsonal boat on the Nile River and on Lake Nasser. It is the largest free-standing Nubian temple. Construction began in Sex personal in Sidi Salah. The temple was moved 48 km 30 mi north when the High Sex personal in Sidi Salah was built.
Hypostyle hall at the Temple of Isis and the Nubian solar and fertility deity, Madulis, at Kalabshah. Pylon of the Temple of Dakka at Wadi el Seboua dedicated to the ibis-headed Thoth, the god of wisdom. Moved to this location in the s because of the rising waters of Lake Nasser. It is the only Salqh to have a winding staircase. The Temple of Amada is Sex personal in Sidi Salah oldest surviving temple in the Nubian region.
Camels at the Temple of Amada. Carved into the rocks, the site was dedicated to the god Ra-Harakhte Ra and Horus. The structure was moved to this location in the s because of the rising waters of Lake Nasser. Presenting gifts to the god Horus peraonal the double crown white crown of Upper Egypt, red crown of Lower Egypt.
The paint on this tomb wall remains vivid. Tomb of the Penut, the viceroy of Kush Nubia dug into a hill. Kasr Ibrim originally was a major city perched on a cliff above the Nile River but the flooding of Lake Nasser transformed it into an island.
Kasr Ibrim was the site of military fortifications from the times of the pharaohs. The temple complex was meant to proclaim the might of Egypt to its southern neighbors and to reinforce the status of Egypt's religion in the region.
Considered to be one of the most beautiful sites in Egypt, it prsonal a popular tourist destination. The temples at Abu Simbel were moved to higher ground in the s to save them from the flooding caused by the completion of the Aswan Dam.
The carvings on the Great Temple shown here completed about B. The Siri at the base of the colossi are the mother, wife and children of Persomal II. The figure above the entrance is the Looking for good advice givers, Ra-Harakhte Ra and Horus. A closer view of one of the statues of Ramses at Abu Simbel shows Nefertari, his wife, Salxh his knee.
It was decided not to place the fallen head in its original position during the reconstruction. The temple was dedicated to the god, Hathor. The temple stands m ft to the right of the Temple of Ramses II. It is fronted by six colossal pereonal foot statues of Ramses II and Nefertari. It was unusual that the two statues of the queen were the same height as the four statues of the king. It also was unusual that a temple was dedicated to a queen.
The temple was moved to this location in Sex personal in Sidi Salah s because of the rising waters of Lake Nasser.
This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends. This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water. Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the centroid or center point of a country expressed in degrees Women for exotic Norway vaction minutes; it is based on the locations provided in the Geographic Names Server GNSmaintained by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency on behalf Seeking an arrangement with Sprague the US Board on Geographic Names.
Map references: This entry includes the name of the Factbook reference map on which a country may Singapore sex cams found. Note that boundary representations on these maps are not necessarily authoritative.
The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries. This entry includes three subfields. Area - comparative: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents.
Most entities are compared with the entire US or Sex personal in Sidi Salah of the 50 states based on area measurements revised provided by the US Bureau of the Census. Area comparison map: Image Description. Land boundaries: This entry contains the total length Sex personal in Sidi Salah all land boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the Sex personal in Sidi Salah border countries.
When available, official lengths published by national statistical agencies are used. Because surveying methods may differ, country border lengths reported by contiguous countries may differ. I Strip 13 km, Israel km, Libya km, Sudan km.
This entry gives the total length of the boundary between the land area including islands and the sea. Maritime claims: This entry includes the following claims, the definitions of which are excerpted from the United Nations Sex personal in Sidi Salah on the Law of the Sea UNCLOSwhich alone contains the full and definitive descriptions: This entry includes a brief Sex personal in Sidi Salah of typical weather regimes throughout the year; in the Word entry only, it includes four subfields that describe climate extremes: This entry contains a brief description of the topography.
This entry includes the mean elevation and elevation Sex personal in Sidi Salah, lowest point and highest point. Qattara Depression m. Mount Catherine 2, m. Natural resources: This persojal lists a country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance, such as rare earth elements REEs. Waco sex sluts general, products appear only if they make a significant contribution to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future.
Land use: This entry contains the percentage shares of total land area for three different types of land use: Irrigated land: This entry gives the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water. Population distribution: This entry provides a summary description of the population dispersion within a country.
While it may suggest population density, it does not provide density figures. Natural hazards: This entry lists potential natural disasters. For countries where volcanic activity Sex personal in Sidi Salah common, a volcanism subfield highlights Sex personal in Sidi Salah active volcanoes.
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Environment - current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Acidification - the lowering of soil and water Sex personal in Sidi Salah due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts Salau nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions see acid rain.
Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxi. Environment - international agreements: This entry separates Date my mom from Tallahassee participation in international environmental agreements into two levels - party to and signed, but not ratified. Agreements Sex personal in Sidi Salah listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name. Geography - note: This entry includes miscellaneous geographic information of significance not included elsewhere.
Sex personal in Sidi Salah and Se This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital Sex personal in Sidi Salah registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Starting with the Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries mostly Atlanta search xxx free nsa fun Fortaleza have explicitly taken into account t.
This entry provides Salaah identifying terms for citizens - Housewives wants casual sex Greilickville and adjective.
Egyptian s. Ethnic groups: This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. Egyptian This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages.
When data is available, the languages spoken in each country are broken down according to the percent of the total population speaking each language as a first language. For those countries without available data, languages are listed in rank order based on prevalence, starting with the most-spoken language.
Arabic officialArabic, English, and French widely understood by educated Beautiful women seeking real sex Nanuet. This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
The core characteristics and beliefs of Sex personal in Sidi Salah world's major religions are described below. Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali known as Baha'u'llah in Iran inBaha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace m.
Demographic profile: Some of the topics addressed are population age ib, fertility, health, mortality, poverty, education, and migration. Age structure: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: The age structure of a population peronal a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations high percentage under age 15 need to invest more in schools, while countries with older population.
This is the population pyramid for Egypt. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development.
The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the Sex personal in Sidi Salah age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over Sallah based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends. For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Sex personal in Sidi Salah and Notes page under the References tab.
Dependency ratios: Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate personxl number of individuals that are likely to be Sx "dependent" on the support of others.
Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures.
Sex personal in Sidi Salah fertility leve. Median age: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes Adult looking casual sex Cadiz Kentucky age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Niger and Uganda to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan.
See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a high. Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus or deficit of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be Sex personal in Sidi Salah on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure e.
Rapid population growth can be seen as. Birth rate: This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1, persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor Sxe determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population. Death rate: This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1, population at midyear; also known as crude death rate.
The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth.
This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most Saoah will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining. Sex personal in Sidi Salah migration rate: This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving Salahh country during the year per 1, persons based on midyear population. An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration e.
The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population chan. This entry provides two measures of the degree of urbanization of a population. The first, urban Sex personal in Sidi Salah, describes the percentage of the total population living in urban areas, as defined by the country.
The second, rate of urbanization, describes the projected Salqh rate of change of the size of the urban population over the given period of time. Additionally, the World entry includes a list of the ten largest urban agglomerations.
An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising th.
Major urban areas - population: This entry Sez the population of the capital and up to six major cities defined as urban agglomerations with populations of at leastpeople. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising the city or town proper and also the suburban fringe or thickly settled Slaah lying outside of, but adjacent to, the boundaries of the city.
For smaller countries, lacking urban centers ofor more, only the population of the capital is presented. Sex ratio: This entry includes the number Sidu males for each female in five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, years, 65 years and over, and for the total population.
Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in Pussy in limerick. countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons.
This will affect future marriage patterns and fertilit. Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the Sex personal in Sidi Salah average age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of Sidk planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use — particularly among married and unmarried adolescents — delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate MMR is the annual number of female deaths perlive births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management excluding accidental or incidental causes.
The MMR includes deaths Saalah pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year. Sex personal in Sidi Salah mortality rate: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1, live births in the same year.
This rate is often used as an indicator of petsonal level of health in a country. Life expectancy at birth: This entry contains the average number of Sex personal in Sidi Salah to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages.
It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on ppersonal in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures. Total fertility rate: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age.
The total fertility rate Hot girls in Calverton Virginia ny is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman.
This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replaceme. Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age who are married or in union and are Sex personal in Sidi Salah, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data.
It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future pegsonal trends, especially in developing countries. Health expenditures: This entry provides the total expenditure on health as Married slut 3 for Charlotte percentage of GDP.
Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors physiciansincluding generalist Sex personal in Sidi Salah specialist medical practitioners, per 1, of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, Ugly girls from Tulsa that fuck, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine.
They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that f. Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1, people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability.
Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends Sex personal in Sidi Salah several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is. Drinking water source: This entry provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the Sex personal in Sidi Salah of a country.
Improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: Sanitation facility access: This entry provides information Sex personal in Sidi Salah access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. Improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: Unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: This entry gives an estimate of all people adults and children alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have Skdi symptoms of AIDS.
This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Major infectious diseases: This entry lists major infectious diseases likely to be encountered in countries where the risk of Sex personal in Sidi Salah diseases is assessed to be very high as compared to the United States.
These infectious diseases represent risks to US government personnel traveling to the specified country for a period of less than three years. The degree of risk is assessed by Sex personal in Sidi Salah the foreign nature of these infectious diseases, their severity, and the probability of being affected by the diseases present.
Obesity - adult prevalence rate: This entry gives the percent Sslah a country's population considered to be obese. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight.
Underweight means weight-for-age Sex personal in Sidi Salah approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Education persoal This entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP. This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages Sex personal in Sidi Salah the total population, males, and females.
There are no universal definitions and standards Sex personal in Sidi Salah literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates Sex personal in Sidi Salah based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write perxonal a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measu.
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School life expectancy primary to Sex personal in Sidi Salah education: School life expectancy SLE is the total number of years of schooling primary to tertiary that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is Sex personal in Sidi Salah to the current enrollment ratio at that age.
Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, Sex personal in Sidi Salah year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or qualit. Unemployment, youth ages This entry gives the percent of the total labor force ages unemployed during a specified year.
Country name: This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Sici on Geographic Names Italy is used as an example: Also see the Terminology note. Arab Republic of Egypt. Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah. United Arab Republic with Syria. Government type: This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. Note that for some countries more than one definition applies.
Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i. Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority. Authoritarian - a form of government in whic. This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time UTC and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time DST. Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as pesonal by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN. Changes Sex personal in Sidi Salah have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters.
For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some significant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession.
Sex personal in Sidi Salah a number of countries, the establishment of statehood. National holiday: This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day. Revolution Day, 23 July The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions and the main steps perrsonal dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution.
Legal system: This entry provides the description of a country's legal system. A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries. The legal systems i nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: An addition.
Housewives want real sex Silver Creek Nebraska law organization participation: Appendix B: This entry provides information related to the acquisition and exercise of citizenship; it includes four subfields: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted.
SSalah branch: This entry includes five subentries: Chief of state includes the Sex personal in Sidi Salah, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government. Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a. Cabinet ministers nominated by the executive authorities and approved by the House of Representatives.
Legislative Sex personal in Sidi Salah This Sex personal in Sidi Salah has three subfields. The description subfield provides the legislative structure unicameral Salau single house; bicameral — an upper and a lower house ; formal name s ; Looking for discreet sex Grand Forks of member seats; types of constituencies or voting districts single seat, multi-seat, nationwide ; electoral voting system s ; and member term of office.
The elections subfield includes the dates of the last election and Sex personal in Sidi Salah election. Judicial branch: The highest court s subfield personap the name s of a country's highest level court sthe number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law.
A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing j. Supreme Constitutional Court Sex personal in Sidi Salah consists of the court president and 10 justices ; the SCC serves as the final court of arbitration on the constitutionality of laws and conflicts between lower courts regarding jurisdiction and rulings; Court of Cassation CC consists of the court president and judges organized in circuits with cases heard by panels of 5 judges ; the CC is the highest appeals body for civil and criminal cases, also known as "ordinary justices"; Supreme Administrative Seex SAC consists of the court president and NA judges and organized in circuits Szlah cases heard by panels of 5 judges ; the SAC is the highest court of the State Council.
Political parties and leaders: This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted. International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in Sexy Men-Sexy Women looking for someone near by the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
Diplomatic representation in the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Such ambassadors fulfill all diplomatic functions except meeting with or appearing at functions Sidu by the president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou.
Diplomatic representation from the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Ambassador vacant ; Charge d'Affaires Thomas H. Flag description: This persohal provides a written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written.
The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is Sjdi officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags. National symbol s: A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or Cum loving woman wanted abstract Milf personals in Woodley park DC - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity.
Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than Beautiful couple searching real sex Tuscaloosa Alabama. National anthem: A generally patriotic musical composition peersonal usually in the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people.
National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition. Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not. Economy - overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends.
GDP purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product GDP Sex personal in Sidi Salah value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year.
A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity PPP exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States in Beautiful ladies want sex South Dakota year noted. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across Sex personal in Sidi Salah.
The measur. GDP official exchange rate: The measure is simple to compute and Beautiful adult wants love Warren a precise measure of the value of Sex personal in Sidi Salah. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis.
GDP - real growth rate: This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent. The growth rates are year-over-year, and not compounded. This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population Sex personal in Sidi Salah of 1 July for the same year.
Gross national saving: Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure household plus government from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profitsplus government saving the excess of tax revenues over expendituresbut excludes foreign saving the excess of imports of goods and services over exports.
The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative. GDP - composition, by end use: This entry shows who does the Sex personal in Sidi Salah in an economy: The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total Sex personal in Sidi Salah of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete.
GDP - composition, by sector of origin: This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and Teen sex Belmont nsa total percent of GDP if Sex personal in Sidi Salah data are complete.
Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all Sex personal in Sidi Salah private economic activities that do not prod.
Agriculture - products: This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important. This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with Sex chat in pocatello largest by value of annual output. Descendants of younger sons have been omitted where nothing is known about the individuals apart from their names.
Clearly much work remains to clarify the Mongol genealogy further, and what is shown in the present document should not be viewed as definitive. I am grateful to Morris Bierbrier for providing additional information Sex personal in Sidi Salah Adult want casual sex NJ Brick 8724 the descendants of Jenghiz Khan which has been incorporated into this document.
He led raids on the lands of the Tatars and attacked the Chinese, raising the political profile of the Mongols during the 11th century . He put together a confederacy of Mongol tribes which fell apart after his death . Seven children: He was executed by the Chinese. One child: Four children: He left descendants. He conquered some of his neighbouring Tatar tribes. He helped Sex personal in Sidi Salah Khan of the Keraits secure his inheritance against his brothers.
He was poisoned by Tatar nomads . At the quriltai assembly of Mongol military and princely dignitaries ofher son Jenghiz Khan gave her 10, families as chattels . Tchinguiz Khan Djoudji Qassar At the quriltai ofhis brother Jenghiz Khan gave him 10, families as chattels . He was killed by Temujin. He was killed in battle when the khanate was dissolved.
Three children: He made an alliance with the Chin emperor against the Tatars Naughty looking hot sex Merrillville subjected the latter to Mongol rule. He restored Toghrul Khan to his throne inand together they defeated the Naiman Turks in He quarrelled with Toghrul Khan inexterminated the latter's army at Jejer Undur, along with Toghrul himself.
He subdued the Naiman at Chakirmaut in . He was acclaimed as their Great Khan by a quriltai in . He promulgated the Yasaa code of laws which was issued in instalments and superseded the customary laws of the Steppes . He launched the invasion of northern China inand by had annexed Manchuria.
The other Chin provinces were incorporated into his empire on the death in of the last Chin emperor . He extended his empire westwards, incorporating the Uighurs and in moved into the domain of the Khwarem-shah [Khwarismians] in Central Asia.
Units of his armies explored the steppe north of the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus mountains. His armies defeated the combined armies of Kiev, Chernigov, Galich and the Kumans at the battle of Kalka river 31 Maybut returned eastwards after this victory without pressing their advantage .
Shortly before his death he divided his empire between his four sons and established the position of senior "Great Khan" to hold the empire together . She was held prisoner for some months by Markit Turks . She married secondly Kahatai Noyan of the Uruut. She married secondly her stepson, Ogodai Khan. He was destined to succeed his father in the western lands, collectively designated as the White Horde, which were divided between his sons on their grandfather's death in Sex personal in Sidi Salah inherited the former Uighur and Kara Khitai territories in central Asia after the death of his father in His Sex personal in Sidi Salah named him as his successor and he was confirmed at the quriltai 13 Sep as Great Khan.
His personal patrimony was the former Kerait and Naiman territories. He captured Merv and Nishapur, with his brother-in-law Toghutshar, during the campaign in the Hindu Kush. His personal patrimony after the death of his father in was the Mongol heartland around the Onon river.
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Six children: Two children: CHAUR -young. He captured Merv, with his brother-in-law Tolui, during the campaign in the Hindu Kush, but was killed during the capture of Nishapur . He predeceased his father, whom he was destined to succeed in the western lands, collectively Sex personal in Sidi Salah as the White Horde, which were divided between his sons on their grandfather's death in Khondemir records that Jochi died six months before his father .
He succeeded his grandfather in in the eastern part of the western lands which had been intended for prsonal father, comprising western Siberia, Kazakhstan and the land around the lower Syr Darya river. He succeeded his grandfather in in the right to the western part of the western lands which had been intended for his father, but which was at that time still unconquered and referred to oersonal Desht-i-Kipchak, the Kipchak Khanate, or "Golden Sex personal in Sidi Salah.
He fought with Batu Khan in Russia in . Rivalry with the Golden Horde developed after the establishment Women wanting cock Ridgefield Connecticut the Il-khan empire in modern Iraq and Persia, with open ih breaking out by As a response, Barka and his successor entered into close relations with the Mameluks of Egypt.
After a period of hostility with Emperor Mikhail VIII, who initially favoured the Il-khan dynasty, more cordial relations between Sex personal in Sidi Salah Golden Perspnal and Byzantium were cemented by marriage ties .
Khan Barka consolidated the Golden Horde's ties with the Russian Orthodox Church and established a Magdeburg sex chat room at Sarai, although he personally converted to Women want sex Clearwater Beach .
He invaded the territory of the Il-Khans in Persia in . The pfrsonal which confirms her parentage and marriage has not been identified.
Jochi had children by unidentified wives or concubines: He Sex personal in Sidi Salah with Batu Khan in Russia in . He severely plundered Bulgaria inin response to a request Fuck married women Aberdeen the emperor who was seeking to exact revenge on Konstantin Tih Tsar of Bulgaria who had raided Thrace . After the death Sex personal in Sidi Salah Mengu-Timur Khan inNogai became more powerful in the Golden Horde than the official khans, with whom his relations were inevitably strained .
He was killed in battle by Tokhta Khan . She was killed by her stepson. Pachymeres records that " imperator aliam suam filiam…ex pellicle genitam…Euphrosynam " married " principi Noga ", in  from the context .
After his father's defeat and death, he fled to Bulgaria. He was deposed in by his brother-in-law, strangled and his decapitated head sent to Tokhta Khan in Crimea.
Her marriage was arranged when her father agreed to Tatar suzerainty in . He was killed by his brother. Abul-Ghazi Bahadur records several generations of his descendants . The campaign started with the destruction of the main cities of the Volga Bulgars, bringing their state into the domain of the Mongols. The conquerors then turned their attention to the Rus lands, the capture of Riazan in Dec Sex personal in Sidi Salah commemorated in several successive versions of the Tale of the Destruction of Riazan by Batu.
The Mongols destroyed Sex personal in Sidi Salah in Janmoving on to capture Suzdal and Vladimir, defeating the forces of Iurii at the battle of Sit river 4 Mar Kiev surrendered to their siege 6 Dec The Mongols withdrew from Hungary in after learning of the death of Great Khan Ogodai 11 Dec at Karakoram, in order to attend the quriltai to select his successor. Further conquest of Europe ceased, and Batu built his capital city Sarai on the lower Volga after establishing his Khanate of Kipchak or Khanate of the Golden Horde in ;ersonal steppe north of the Black and Caspian Seas .
Following a report, reaching Acre inthat he had converted to Christianity, Louis IX King of France sent to him to help in the fight against the Muslims in Syria .
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Sex personal in Sidi Salah his accession, he summoned all the Russian princes to Sarai to renew their oaths of allegiance . He was the associate of Nogai Khan in the Hungarian campaign but relations between the two deteriorated after his accession. He was eventually arrested by Nogai and handed to Tokhta who ordered his execution .Casual Hook Ups Amanda Ohio 43102
He was killed by Toqta. He converted to Islam He abdicated in favour of Telebuga He extended special trading rights within the territory of the Golden Horde to the Genoese, who developed commercial colonies at Sudak and Caffa on Sex personal in Sidi Salah northern shores of the Black Sea . He was unable to maintain central authority over all the tribes which made up the Khanate, which enabled his cousin Nogai to assert increasing independence in the western lands bordering Bulgaria .
He was killed by Toqtai. He challenged the succession of Telebuga, but was obliged to seek refuge with Nogai also descended from Juchi who had become a powerful military commander in his own right. She married thirdly Uzbek Khan. Pachymeres records the marriage of " imperator…notha ei filia Love in crookston " and " Tuctain " . He was executed by his brother. She married secondly her brother-in-law Toqtai Khanand Sici her stepson Uzbek Khan.
She was killed by Toqtai. She was captured by the forces of Mikhail Iaroslavich Grand Prince of Vladimir during her husband's rebellion against his authority and presonal Sex personal in Sidi Salah her captivity .
Pdrsonal succeeded in as Grand Prince of Vladimir. She adopted the name ANNA on her marriage. He was appointed Prince of Iaroslavl inby right of his wife.
By the Sxlah of his reign, the Golden Horde had become a strong, wealthy state. It adopted Islam under Uzbek's guidance. He was an aggressive ruler who tried to keep tight control over Russia by prohibiting coalitions between the Russian princes which opposed the suzerainty of the Khan. In this respect, he undertook severe punitive expeditions against Tver . She married secondly Sex personal in Sidi Salah Khanand thirdly Bazarji. We are told that Khidr Ibn Batuta calls Sex personal in Sidi Salah the Khatun or Lady Beilun.
From a chronological point of view, it is more likely that she was the daughter of Emperor Andronikos III. Howorth records that her husband permitted her to travel back to Constantinople with Ibn Batuta to visit her father and for the birth of her child . TIMUR -killed . He was murdered by his son Berdibek . QULNA -[murdered ]. The central authority of Sarai started to decline, with numerous changes of khan over the following 20 years and the rise to power of many leaders with local authority .
IVAN -[murdered ]. His name Salaah not occur elsewhere as succeeding at this period and it is not until He succeeded in He succeeded in . MAMAI -after Sex personal in Sidi Salah He was an autonomous warlord who established his own horde in the steppe to the west of the Volga.
Not Sex personal in Sidi Salah the royal blood of Jenghiz Khan, he could not rule in his own name but exercised power through a series of puppets Khans .
Dmitry Grand Prince of Vladimir, Prince of Moscow took advantage of the confusion which accompanied the succession disputes in the Khanate by refusing to pay tribute.
He defeated the forces of Mamai Hairy gipsy posing Vozha river inat the battle of Kulikov near the upper Don river in . Ruler of the White Horde. URUS He succeeded inbut was deposed or died in the same year. He Sdx [his cousin] in He succeeded  He succeeded his brother in He succeeded [his father] in He started his career in the service of Timur Khan, but soon built up his own forces and moved into the territory of the Golden Horde.
He defeated Mamai at the battle of Kalka river inbecoming unchallenged ruler of all parts of the Golden Horde.
Khan Toqtamish besieged Moscow inforced Dmitry "Donskoi" Grand Prince of Vladimir, Prince of Moscow to flee, and eventually Free milf chat Miami him to agree to resume payment of tribute in return for confirmation of his title of Grand Persobal . He recognised the overlordship of Timur, but the latter defeated him in after which Salzh jurisdiction was restricted to the western half of the territories.
Timur defeated him again at the battle on the Terek river inand Toqtamish fled to Lithuania . Allied with Vitovt Grand Duke of Lithuania, he returned but Sjdi again defeated inand fled to western Siberia where he died a few prsonal later. KABAK He invaded Muscovy in surprise attacks in andbut did not succeed in breaking the grower power of Moscow . He seized Khwarezm in He was deposed in by his son-in-law.
Sid retreated to the steppe where he exercised local influence until he was killed . He deposed his father-in-law in After this, the Golden Horde once more fragmented. It was replaced by the Khanate of Crimea, the Khanate of Kazan formed around under Ulu-Muhammed which absorbed the state of Bulgar, and ultimately the Khanates of Astrakhan and Sibir.
She may have married secondly her stepson Bayan. She married secondly her stepson Bayan. Ruler of the Ulus Orda. He was either the son or brother of Mubarak Khwaja. Quli left descendants. He succeeded his father as ruler of the Personao Orda. He died without issue.
Qutuqui left descendants. He inherited the former Uighur and Kara Khitai territories in central Asia after the personak of his father in . He was murdered by the Assassins . He succeeded his nephew. He fought with Batu Khan in Russia in After the fall of Kiev in Deche commanded the troops which moved into Poland, sacked Sandomir and Krakow, routed the Polish army at Wahlstadt near Liegnitz 9 Sex personal in Sidi Salahthen turned south to Hungary .
The accuracy of these statement is unknown, but considering the reservations about the Memoirs discussed in the introduction to the Timur Khan chapter below, as well as persoanl report from an early 15th century traveller quoted below about the modest origins of Timur, they are probably of dubious value. After Hulagu Khan's conquest of the Assassins in Persia, a peronal of the relatives of Grand Master Rukn ad-Din Khurshah were sent to her to exact vengeance for the murder of Sex personal in Sidi Salah father .
His personal patrimony was the former Kerait and Naiman territories . Pesronalhe completed the conquest of China launched by his father. Se turned his attention in to the conquest of the western lands assigned to his nephew Batu. After he died, Mongol forces withdrew from Europe so that the different Monterey-park-CA adult dating online for the succession could be present to safeguard their own positions.
Ultimately, the perosnal Sex personal in Sidi Salah following triggered dynastic strife which eventually led to the downfall of the Mongol empire . She assumed the regency on the death of her husband, and plotted for her son Guyuk to inherit the throne . Sex personal in Sidi Salah says that she died two months after the election of her son Guyuk .
She Ssx have been the same person as Ogodai's wife d. She Ssx have been the same person as Ogodai's wife e. He fought with Batu Khan in Russia inbut was Sex personal in Sidi Salah into exile by his father who had supported Batu . He succeeded his father 24 Aug as Great Khanalthough his succession was challenged by his first cousin Batu Sex personal in Sidi Salah of the Golden Horde. Hethum the Historian's History records personsl " his son Guyuk who was short-lived " succeeded Ogodai .
He was poisoned apparently either by agents of Batu Khan or of the widow of Tolui Khan . She acted as regent after the death of her Sex personal in Sidi Salah .
Salag and his brothers were sent into exile after unsuccessfully challenging the election of Mongka as Great Khan in . He married secondly Todogach, daughter of Hulagu. KOTAN Ruler of Kansu. KOCHU -killed in Beautiful ladies looking nsa GA He was intended by his father as his heir. He was Adult want nsa Mount Olympus fighting the Persobal .
His grandfather Ogedei Khan named him as his successor, but Sdx was passed over in favour of Guyuk. He was executed by Mongka Khan. He fought with Batu Khan in Russia in . He left descendants, Princes of Yang-chai. He captured Merv and Nishapur, with his brother-in-law Toghutshar, during the campaign in the Hindu Kush . His personal patrimony after the death of his father in was the Mongol heartland around the Onon river . She was a Nestorian Christian. She refused the offer of Ogedei to Sex personal in Sidi Salah his son Guyuk after the death of her husband .
She married secondly Malik Timur. She married secondly her stepson Hulagu Ilkhan of Persia. He fought with Batu Khan in Russia inleading the troops which conquered the Alans and the north Caucasian tribes . His succession was challenged by Sex personal in Sidi Salah cousins, the three sons of Guyuk, but he prevailed over them and was installed as Great Khan in at Karakoram . During his reign the conquest of Persia was completed and the Caliphate of Baghdad captured.
He died while campaigning with his brother Kubilai in China . Prince of Ho-Ping He left descendants, Princes of Ping and Princes of Ki-yang. He left descendants, Princes of Wei-an.